Enos, Richard Leo. “The Classical Tradition(s) of Rhetoric: A Demur to the Country Club Set.” CCC 38.3 (Oct 1987): 283-290.
Enos argues against the belief that classical rhetoric cannot (and should not) be adapted for the contemporary composition classroom. His rebuttal advocates for an open mind in two ways. First, he resists the notion that first-order scholarship, research of rhetoric, is superior to second-order scholarship, research that applies rhetorical theories to other disciplines and fields. Second, he points out that classical rhetoric is not antiquated or monolithic but rather an continuous aggregate of traditions and theories that do have resonance for the contemporary college composition classroom.