Wolcott, Willa. “Writing Instruction and Assessment: The Need for Interplay between Process and Product.” CCC 38.1 (Feb 1987): 40-46.
Wolcott explains that there is a disconnect between the process model of writing instruction, which emphasizes invention and revision, and current standardized writing assessment tests, which only evaluate the product. Because students will face these kinds of tests both at the university and later in their careers, she argues that composition teachers must teach students how to tackle these types of writing situations. The tests shouldn’t dictate our composition classes, but we should show students how to adapt the process model of composing to timed, graded writing tasks.